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Richmond Demographics

Richmond VAFile:Collage of Landmarks in Richmond, Virginia v 1.jpg

Page Contents

City Facts
VA State Capitol  |  Main Street Station


Nicknames: RVA, The River City
Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars)

Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia

Richmond is located in United States



Location in the United States

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Virginia State Capitol

The Virginia State Capitol is the seat of state government in the Commonwealth of Virginia, located in Richmond, the third capital of Virginia. It houses the oldest legislative body in the Western Hemisphere, the Virginia General Assembly.

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Parks & Recreation






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The city operates one of the oldest municipal park systems in the country. The park system began when the city council voted in 1851 to acquire 7.5 acres (30,000 m2), now known as Monroe Park. Today, Monroe Park sits adjacent to the Virginia Commonwealth University campus and is one of more than 40 parks comprising a total of more than 1,500 acres (610 ha).

Several parks are located along the James River, and the James River Parks System offers bike trails, hiking and nature trails, and many scenic overlooks along the river's route through the city. The trails are used as part of the Xterra East Championship course for both the running and mountain biking portions of the off-road triathlon.

There are also parks on two major islands in the river: Belle Isle and Brown's Island. Belle Isle, at various former times a Powhatan fishing village, colonial-era horse race track, and Civil War prison camp, is the larger of the two, and contains many bike trails as well as a small cliff that is used for rock climbing instruction.  Brown's Island is a smaller island and a popular venue of a large number of free outdoor concerts and festivals in the spring and summer, such as the weekly Friday Cheers concert series or the James River Beer and Seafood Festival.

One can walk the city see many of the Civil War historic attractions, battlefields, museum of the confederacy, and confederate government buildings. The confederate flag still flies (waves) proud in this city full of history as one of the feature works of art on the Richmond Flood Wall. The history of the southern capital and the men who experimented with the confederate states.

The City was built on numerous small hills or slightly elevated escarpments known as Richmond's seven hills.  These date to the very early years of the City and represent those hills clustered around the original settlement. The Seven Hills of Richmond do not include any hills south of the James, and the furthest West is Gamble's, where the Ethyl Corp. complex now stands.

Seven Hills of Richmond

1. Shockoe Hill (According to the National Park Service, the Capitol was built on Shockoe Hill, and the MCV and VCU Campus is commonly referred to as being located on Shockoe Hill), also home of the Shockoe Hill Cemetery.

2. Union Hill (according to old maps of Richmond, and the Historic Richmond Foundation, Union Hill is located between Mosby, Jefferson, 25th, and Venable Streets)

3. Council Chamber Hill  (near 14th Street).

4. French Garden Hill (this hill is north of Leigh St between 8th and 10th streets or somewhere around 9th Street).

5. Navy Hill (Navy Hill between 3rd, 10th, and Leigh Streets). Navy Hill school marker is the easiest way to locate this old hill.

6. Church Hill (according to old maps of Richmond Church Hill is the hill on which stands the famous St.John’s Episcopal Church, site of Patrick Henry’s famous, “Give me liberty or give me death!” speech). Now days it is also home of the Roosevelt.

7. Gambles Hill can be located on old maps of Richmond as the hill just east of Oregon Hill overlooking the James River. Their were many fires here when the city was sacked during the Civil war. These could be related to the "ol' boy gangs" that flourished here at the time (The Gamble's Hill Cats).


Two of the major parks in the city along the river are Byrd Park and Maymont, located near the fan district. Byrd Park features a one mile (1.6 km) running track, with exercise stops, a public dog park, and a number of small lakes for small boats, as well as two monuments, Buddha house, and an amphitheatre. Prominently featured in the park is the World War I Memorial Carillon, built in 1926 as a memorial to those that died in the war. Maymont, located adjacent to Byrd Park, is a 100-acre (40 ha) Victorian estate with a museum, formal gardens, native wildlife exhibits, nature center, carriage collection, and children's farm. Other parks in the city include Joseph Bryan Park Azalea Garden, Forest Hill Park (former site of the Forest Hill Amusement Park), Chimborazo Park (site of the National Battlefield Headquarters), among others.

The James River itself through Richmond is renowned as one of the best in the country for urban white-water rafting/canoeing/kayaking. Several rafting companies offer complete services. There are also several easily accessed riverside areas within the city limits for rock-hopping, swimming, and picnicking.

Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden is located adjacent to the city in Henrico County. Founded in 1984, Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden is located on 80 acres (320,000 m2) and features a glass conservatory, a rose garden, a healing garden, and an accessible-to-all children's garden. The Garden is a public place for the display and scientific study of plants. Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden is one of only two independent public botanical gardens in Virginia and is designated a state botanical garden.

Several theme parks are also located near the city, including Kings Dominion to the north, and Busch Gardens to the east, near Colonial Williamsburg.

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fortune 500 companies
headquartered in greater Richmond


in millions


Previous Ranking






Dominion Resources

Electric & Gas Utilities




Circuit City Stores

Specialty Retailers




Reynolds Metals










Richfood Holdings






Mail, Package & Freight




Owens & Minor






fortune 1,000 companies
headquartered in greater richmond


in millions


Previous Ranking

Trigon Healthcare

Health Care




Crestar Financial Corp.

Commercial Banks





Specialty Retailers




Ethyl Corp.






top ten major private employers

Principle Business

# of Employees

Philip Morris USA



Circuit City Group, Inc.

Retail electronics


Columbia/HCA Healthcare Corp.



Capital One Financial Corp.

Diversified financial services


Dominion Resources

Electric utility


Crestar Financial Corp.



Ukrop's Super Markets Inc.

Retail grocery


Bon Secours-Richmond Health System



Allied Signal Inc.



E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., Inc.



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Richmond City, Virginia

Statistics and Demographics (US Census 2000)

Number Percent
Richmond Population: 197790 100.00%
Sex and Age
Male 92068 46.55%
Female 105722 53.45%
Under 5 years 12376 6.26%
5 to 9 years 12765 6.45%
10 to 14 years 11713 5.92%
15 to 19 years 13870 7.01%
20 to 24 years 18386 9.3%
25 to 34 years 32871 16.62%
35 to 44 years 29841 15.09%
45 to 54 years 24985 12.63%
55 to 59 years 8208 4.15%
60 to 64 years 6646 3.36%
65 to 74 years 12843 6.49%
75 to 84 years 9764 4.94%
85 years and over 3522 1.78%
One race 194907 98.54%
White 75744 38.3%
Black or African American 113108 57.19%
American Indian and Alaska Native 479 0.24%
Asian 2471 1.25%
Asian indian 481 0.24%
Chinese 428 0.22%
Filipino 246 0.12%
Japanese 85 0.04%
Korean 439 0.22%
Vietnamese 275 0.14%
Other Asian 517 0.26%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 157 0.08%
Native Hawaiian 19 0.01%
Guamanian or Chamorro 99 0.05%
Samoan 22 0.01%
Other Pacific Islander 17 0.01%
Some other race 2948 1.49%
Two or more races 2883 1.46%
Hispanic or Latino and race
Total Population 197790 100.00%
Hispanic or Latino(of any race) 5074 2.57%
Mexican 1457 0.74%
Puerto Rican 815 0.41%
Cuban 201 0.1%
Other Hispanic or Latino 2601 1.32%
Not Hispanic or Latino 192716 97.43%
White alone 74506 37.67%
Households by Type
Total Households 84549 100.0 %
Family households (families) 43649 51.63%
With own children under 18 years 19541 23.11%
Married-couple family 22898 27.08%
With own children under 18 years 8140 9.63%
Female householder, no husband present 17269 20.42%
With own children under 18 years 10046 11.88%
Non Family households 40900 48.37%
Householder living alone 31823 37.64%
Householder 65 years and over 9251 10.94%
Households with individuals under 18 years 23459 27.75%
Households with individuals 65 years and over 19421 22.97%
Average Household size 2.21  
Average family size 2.95
Housing Occupancy
Total housing units 92282 100.00%
Occupied housing units 84549 91.62%
Vacant housing units 7733 8.38%
For seasonal, recreational, or occasional use 249 0.27%
Homeowner vacancy rate (percent) 2.4  
Rental vacancy rate (percent) 6.4
Housing Tenure
Occupied housing units 84549 100.00%
Owner-occupied housing units. 39008 46.14%
Renter-occupied housing units. 45541 53.86%
Average household size of owner-occupied units 2.3  
Average household size of renter-occupied units 2.12

Based on 2000 US Census data. For more information on population visit U.S. Census Bureau, providing access to a full range of U.S. Census information and data products

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Richmond Virginia

Last updated

February 10, 2016 07:15 AM



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